• Chivalry and Sexism by Red Crowley

  • This article is provided courtesy of

  • 10 Things Men Can Do To Prevent Domestic and Sexual Violence

  • Copyright © 2004, ACT Men Inc.
    (1.)Acknowledge and understand how male dominance and aspects of unhealthy manhood are at the foundation of domestic and sexual violence.
    (2.)Examine and challenge our individual beliefs and the role that we play in supporting men who are abusive.
    (3.)Recognize and stop colluding with other men by getting out of our socially defined roles, and take a stance to prevent domestic and sexual violence.
    (4.)Remember that our silence is affirming. When we choose not to speak out against domestic and sexual violence, we are supporting it.
    (5.)Educate and re-educate our sons and other young men about our responsibility in preventing domestic and sexual violence.
    (6.)”Break out of the man box”- Challenge traditional images of manhood that stop us from actively taking a stand in domestic and sexual violence prevention.
    (7.)Accept and own our responsibility that domestic and sexual violence will not end until men become part of the solution to end it. We must take an active role in creating a cultural and social shift that no longer tolerates violence and discrimination against women and girls.
    (8.)Stop supporting the notion that domestic and sexual violence is due to mental illness, lack of anger management skills, chemical dependency, stress, etc… Domestic and sexual violence is rooted in male dominance and the socialization of men.
    (9.)Take responsibility for creating appropriate and effective ways to educate and raise awareness about domestic and sexual violence prevention.
    (10.)Create responsible and accountable men’s initiatives in your community to support domestic and sexual violence prevention.

  • Refusing to “Be A Man!”

  • By Steve Botkin
    Voice Male Magazine, Winter 1999
    “Be A Man!”
    The effects of those three words continue to echo through our lives long after we’ve realized the lies behind them. Listen to the inflection, the emotional message we can hear so clearly in this simple phrase, carrying equal parts promise and threat.
    Be A Man!
    If we can achieve this goal we are promised a sense of power, pride, confidence, mastery, control, and invulnerability. If we do not “make the grade,” “step up to the plate,” and “box our corner,” we are threatened with isolation, shame, abuse, and violence.
    But what does it mean to “be a man?” For years I have regularly asked groups of people what comes to mind when they hear that expression. The responses, from men and women or all ages, are frighteningly consistent. And everyone knows what happened to boys or men who do not fit inside this “box.” Matthew Shepard, beaten and left to die tied to a fence post in Wyoming in October of 1999, because he was gay, is the ultimate, tragic example.
    Most of us who are men know some (usually less lethal, but still profoundly traumatic) variation of this story quite well. We remember schoolyards and street corners, and often homes, with our own or our friend’s families, where proving that we had an “acceptable” degree of masculinity was an ongoing theme of our daily lives. We learned that any non-conformity to the rules of this masculinity risked making one the target of brutality and ridicule. And we learned that we could have prestige and privilege, power and control, to the extent that we were able to “be the man.”
    And yet, especially as children, we knew we really did not and could not meet this impossible and inhuman standard. Sometimes we did get sad, scared, and hurt. We did, at times, want to cry and be comforted, If we had enough safety as children we might respond to the command “be a man” with the truth: “ but I’m not a man.”
    But it wasn’t always safe to tell the truth. So in subtle and not-so-subtle ways we practiced hiding or minimizing our gender nonconformities, because we were told that’s not how men are. How we dressed, walked, talked, used our hands, expressed our emotions, related with other males, and talked about and behaved toward females was all carefully scrutinized so that we would not betray any deviance from the prescribed rules for being a man. We did not want to be standing alone feeling shame about our difference. So we denied parts of ourselves in order to feel safe and accepted within a dominant culture that demanded of us: “Be a man!”
    What would it mean now if we were to create a culture in which men join together to reclaim these parts of ourselves that we once hid and denied? If we discovered that, as we peek out from behind our fear, we find the shy and smiling face of another, reflecting our own remembered wholeness. What would it mean if together we found the courage to stand and face the dominant culture, saying with determination and pride, we do not want to “be a man”? We refuse the rigid box of gender conformity. What if we created a community where we could feel safe and accepted in the infinite variety of our gender nonconformities?
    It would mean the end of the system of patriarchy, wherein the promise of power is leveraged by the threat of violence. Homophobia, violence against women, and war – the ultimate weapons of gender conformity – would disappear, no longer needed to prove and protect our “manhood.” Men would show up in the full rainbow of our expressions. We would inhabit our homes and families, remembering the delights of nurturing relationships. And we would seek out the close, loving companionship of other men and other women. It would mean hope for the world in places where we have long felt only hopelessness.
    It is time for us to assert that we will not be boxed into masculinity by seductive promises of power or intimidating threats of violence. It is time for us to break through our fear and isolation and come out as gender nonconformists who do not fit or accept prescribed rules of manhood. It is time for us now to call each other out of the shadows of the box with a welcome of acceptance and safety. In this way we are creating a new culture where being a man is an open-ended, ever-expanding, expression of possibilities.